Home > Uncategorized > Stop NATO news: January 27, 2012

Stop NATO news: January 27, 2012

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Pentagon To Unleash Special Operations Troops Worldwide

No To NATO: Ukrainians Protest Arrival Of U.S. Warship

Post-NATO War: Libya Teeters On Edge Of Civil War

Mongolia: Strategic U.S. Ally Between China And Russia

U.S. Regaining Military Foothold In The Philippines

NATO Chief: Missile Shield Fundamentals In Place By Chicago Summit

Russia To U.S. – Drop Missile Shield Or Face Response

No Unilateral Concessions On NATO Missile Shield: Russia

U.S. Able To Intercept Russian Missiles If Strategic Forces Not Upgraded

Win On Any Battlefield: U.S. Army Expands Global Partnerships

Pentagon’s Asia Shift Favors Submarines, Tankers

NATO International School Of Azerbaijan Session Begins

Increase In Energy Reserves Enhances Azerbaijan’s Strategic Role

Davos: Caspian-Black-Baltic Seas Pipelines Discussed

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Pentagon To Unleash Special Operations Troops Worldwide

http://www.stripes.com/news/bin-laden-raid-commander-seeks-global-expansion-of-special-ops-1.166880

Stars and Stripes
January 26, 2012

Bin Laden raid commander seeks global expansion of special ops

U.S. officials say the Pentagon is moving to unleash special operations troops worldwide as traditional military operations are cut back.

According to The Associated Press, defense officials have embraced a proposal by U.S. Special Operations Command chief Adm. Bill McRaven to push troops as they withdraw from war zones to reinforcement of units in areas somewhat neglected during the decade-long focus on al-Qaida. Positioning commandos closer to new crisis zones would make it easier to launch raids such as the ones that resulted in the killing of Osama bin Laden and the recent rescue of hostages from Somali pirates.

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No To NATO: Ukrainians Protest Arrival Of U.S. Warship

http://en.ria.ru/mlitary_news/20120126/170963407.html

Russian Information Agency Novosti
January 26, 2012

US Warship Calls at Ukrainian Port Amid Protests

SEVASTOPOL: A U.S. guided missile cruiser stopped at the Ukrainian Black Sea port of Sevastopol on Thursday with a group of some 50 protesters chanting “Yankee, go home!” and “No to NATO!”

The USS Vella Gulf (CG 72), a Ticonderoga class guided missile cruiser, is on a mission in the Black Sea and is to visit the ports of Constanta, Sevastopol and Odessa.

It carries 26 Tomahawk cruise missiles with a range of up to 3,000 kilometers and has elements of a missile defense system on board.

The protesters also burned a U.S. flag featuring the Nazi swastika instead of stars.

Yevhen Dubovik, a protest organizer, said the visit was illegal because it had not been authorized by Ukraine’s parliament.

“Nevertheless, a warship has called here that has offensive weapons on board and it is not ruled out that if it receives orders it will deliver a strike on Iran in close proximity to our coast,” he said.

“Thus Ukraine, a state not affiliated with any military blocs, may automatically become involved in an international conflict.”

The USS Vella Gulf is to remain in Sevastopol until January 31. A number of joint tactical exercises with Ukrainian naval units have been planned.

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Post-NATO War: Libya Teeters On Edge Of Civil War

http://english.ruvr.ru/2012/01/26/64661112.html

Voice of Russia
January 26, 2012

Libya teeters on edge of civil war
Konstantin Garibov

-“There have been clashes between Arabs and Berbers and between other tribes on ethnic grounds. It’s also important that the so-called fighters for freedom and democracy came to power in Libya with the help of NATO, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Britain and France which supplied planes or special task forces. For Libyans, the National Transitional Council is not legitimate.”
-“There has been no revolution in Libya. The western media have made it all up. From the very outset, it was clear that whoever would come to power after Gaddafi would be unable to rule the country or maintain its territorial integrity. Many Arabic scholars foresaw a split and it came sooner than expected. The reality is that Libya has entered a civil war.”

       
The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navanethem Pillay and the UN Libya envoy Ian Martin have expressed concern over the situation in Libya where they say the new authorities have failed to assert full authority and instill order.

The recent clashes between pro-Gaddafi supporters and NTC forces were provoked by both parties, Ian Martin said. Until recently, the interim authorities managed to handle these kinds of incidents fairly well but they might happen again in the future, the UN human rights commissioner said.

On Monday armed units of pro-Gaddafi supporters seized Bani Walid where the elders had passed a no-confidence motion against the central government. Sweeping violence also gripped Benghazi and Tripoli. Bani Walid returned under the control of the Libyan government by Wednesday.

The attacks by pro-Gaddafi forces are taking place amid the acute crisis that has hit the NTC and Libya as a whole. Alexei Podtserob of the Institute of Oriental Studies, comments.

“There have been clashes between Arabs and Berbers and between other tribes on ethnic grounds. It’s also important that the so-called fighters for freedom and democracy came to power in Libya with the help of NATO, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Britain and France which supplied planes or special task forces. For Libyans, the National Transitional Council is not legitimate.”

The revolutionaries are disgruntled at the absence of transparency in the government’s work, its failure to pay compensations promised and the presence of former Gaddafi functionaries in the current leadership. For this reason, many experts believe that the NTC is incapable of taking the situation under control. Andrei Volodin of the Center for Oriental Research at the Russian Foreign Ministry, has this to say.

“There has been no revolution in Libya. The western media have made it all up. From the very outset, it was clear that whoever would come to power after Gaddafi would be unable to rule the country or maintain its territorial integrity. Many Arabic scholars foresaw a split and it came sooner than expected. The reality is that Libya has entered a civil war.”

The so-called Arab Spring revolutions naturally spill into full-scale civil wars, Yevgeny Satanovsky of the Institute of the Middle East says. Given this, the new regimes are unlikely to see stability in the near future. According to Satanovsky, the current turmoil in Libya has the potential to wreak havoc across North Africa, and the unrest in Yemen may plunge the whole of the Arabian Peninsula into chaos.

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Mongolia: Strategic U.S. Ally Between China And Russia

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/world/2012-01/26/c_131377913.htm

Xinhua News Agency
January 26, 2012

Mongolia holds seminar to mark anniversary of ties with U.S.

Mongolia: Pentagon Trojan Horse Wedged Between China And Russia

ULAN BATOR: The Mongolian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade held a seminar Thursday to commemorate the 25th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Mongolia and the United States.

Addressing an audience of some 100 government officials, scholars and U.S. diplomats, U.S. ambassador to Mongolia Jonathan Addleton said the two countries have expanded cooperation in a wide range of areas over the past years and more and more big U.S. companies have been engaged in Mongolia’s economic development.

The ambassador also mentioned Mongolia’s “active role in international peacekeeping missions.”

Mongolia-U.S. relations have developed rapidly over the past years as the two countries have agreed to build a “comprehensive partnership based on common strategic interests.”

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U.S. Regaining Military Foothold In The Philippines

http://english.ruvr.ru/2012/01/26/64690091.html

Voice of Russia
January 26, 2012

U.S. regaining military foothold in the Philippines
Vladimir Gladkov

       
The contest for domination over the South China Sea between the US and China reaches a new level as the Philippines enters negotiations with the White House about expanding the American military presence in the country. This move will be a frustrating surprise for China. A decision to start the talks came two decades after the eviction of US forces from their biggest base in the Pacific. The development of the situation will certainly raise tensions between the US and China, considering the aggressive efforts of America aimed at expanding its military presence in the region and China’s growing thirst for oil.

The energy-rich South China Sea became a contested territory in the middle of the last century, when the Chinese Communist Party claimed its “indisputable sovereignty” over almost the entire basin. Now when China’s demand for energy has dramatically risen, Beijing will hardly accept any compromises in the battle for the Sea. According to the International Energy Agency in Paris, China will double its demand for oil in the next quarter century. Considering the fact that China imports more than half its oil while its own onshore oil resources are expecting a decline in oil-production, the expansion of American presence in the oil-rich South China Sea will infuriate Beijing.

However, the While House will hardly miss a chance to confront its main opponent, especially now when many other Southeast Asian countries seem to be on the side of the US…

“I don’t see in the near future an American base in Vietnam, but we have seen much more increased military cooperation,” said James Webb, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee on East Asia and Pacific affairs and a Vietnam War veteran.

…The US already has about 600 special operations troops on the territory of the Philippines…but if the agreement is reached, the Philippines islands will start hosting American Navy warships and surveillance aircraft.  The deal would follow other recent agreements to base thousands of US Marines in northern Australia and to station warships in Singapore…

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NATO Chief: Missile Shield Fundamentals In Place By Chicago Summit

http://www.rttnews.com/1806656/nato-chief-basic-components-of-european-missile-defense-to-be-ready-by-may.aspx?type=gn&Node=B1

RTT News
January 27, 2012

NATO Chief: Basic Components Of European Missile Defense To Be Ready By May

-The year 2011 also saw significant changes in NATO’s partnerships. Consultation and cooperation went beyond traditional formats. The Libya operation included direct partner involvement in decision-making for NATO-led military operations and saw consultation and cooperation with the United Nations and the League of Arab States, as well as with Libya and other countries in the region.

NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen has said that the initial components of the European missile defense system are expected to be in place by the time of the Chicago Summit in May.

He said this on Thursday, while launching NATO’s first ever ‘Annual Report,’ which gives a brief overview of the Alliance’s principal achievements and challenges in 2011.

The missile defense system…is “smart defense” at its best and it embodies transatlantic solidarity, the NATO chief said in his foreword to the annual report.

He said the Alliance had already made considerable progress, as along with a prominent and phased U.S. contribution, a number of Allies have made significant announcements, including Turkey, Poland, Romania, Spain, the Netherlands and France. These different national contributions will be gradually brought together under a common NATO command and control system. Key elements of it have already been tested successfully, Rasmussen added.

The Chicago Summit will be “an opportunity to renew our commitment to the vital transatlantic bond between us and to redouble our efforts to share the burden of security more effectively,” according to him. He said important decisions will be taken at the summit “to keep NATO committed, capable and connected.”

The assessment of Alliance activities in the annual report 2011 focuses on NATO operations, emerging security challenges, modernization of NATO – its structures and capabilities – as well as NATO’s growing partnerships. These areas are examined against the backdrop of the financial crisis.

In 2011, NATO operations continued across three continents. In Afghanistan, greater stability and the beginning of transition characterized 2011. Although Afghanistan constitutes the Alliance’s most significant operational commitment to date, 2011 was marked by the Alliance’s Operation Unified Protector in Libya, which mobilized NATO forces for seven months…Progress in Kosovo was marred by peaks of violence in the north, whereas counter-piracy efforts off the Horn of Africa and in the Gulf of Aden helped to reduce the pirate attack success rate in 2011. And NATO’s training mission in Iraq was terminated on December 31 after eight years of operation.

The report highlights the key measures taken by NATO to tackle cyber attacks, to respond to the growing number of countries acquiring ballistic missiles and to counter terrorism…

The year 2011 also saw significant changes in NATO’s partnerships. Consultation and cooperation went beyond traditional formats. The Libya operation included direct partner involvement in decision-making for NATO-led military operations and saw consultation and cooperation with the United Nations and the League of Arab States, as well as with Libya and other countries in the region.

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Russia To U.S. – Drop Missile Shield Or Face Response

http://english.ruvr.ru/2012/01/27/64767504.html

Itar-Tass
January 27, 2012

Russia to US: drop ABM plans of face response

       
Russia  has warned the US to drop its missile defence plans or face a Russian response, of the kind that has been outlined by President Dmitry Medvedev.

Speaking in Moscow Friday, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin also renewed Russia’s proposal to the US and NATO to develop a joint air and missile defence system for Europe.

The Americans are sending missile defence ships to the Baltic, the Barents and the Norwegian Seas and planning to deploy interceptor rockets in Poland in 2018.

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No Unilateral Concessions On NATO Missile Shield: Russia

http://english.ruvr.ru/2012/01/27/64715239.html

Ekho Moskvy/Russian Information Agency Novosti
January 27, 2012

No unilateral missile defense concessions from Russia – Ryabkov

       
Moscow does not intend to propose any initiatives on missile defense which the U.S. could interpret as concessions. This was stated by Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov, speaking on Ekho Moskvy radio station.

According to him, negotiations on this subject proceed with difficulty, but they are not at an impasse. “A political decision is feasible, if there is a will to seek compromise,” said the official.

“We cannot simply adopt the American position. This would amount to action in detriment of one’s own interests,” added Ryabkov.

Moscow believes that deployment of American missile defense system elements in close proximity to Russian borders is directed against this country’s strategic nuclear forces. Negotiations have stalled due to U.S. refusal to provide legal guarantees the deployed system does not target Russia’s deterrent force.

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U.S. Able To Intercept Russian Missiles If Strategic Forces Not Upgraded

http://www.itar-tass.com/en/c32/327363.html

Itar-Tass
January 26, 2012

US might be able to intercept RF missiles if Russia does not upgrade its forces – diplomat

MOSCOW: If Russia takes no effort to modernize its strategic forces, the United States might be able to intercept our missiles by 2020, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov told the Ekho Moskvy radio station on Thursday.

When asked what is a threat a U.S. missile defence system might pose to Russia, he said, “The threat is that within the span of several years, if the U.S. plans are implemented, we will have by the year 2020 a system that will be able to intercept Russian strategic forces unless we upgrade them so that they would be able to get through this system.”

Russia sees no point in putting forth new initiatives in talks with the United States on problems of missile defence, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister said.

“There was a moment when we were close, so to say, to an intermediate common understanding of the core of the problem and of what issues are to be settled first,” he told the Ekho Moskvy radio station. “But later, regrettably, the U.S. side decided not to pass a relevant document.”

“As a result, the position of our partners has grown stiff,” he noted. “In these conditions we see no point in making any steps that might be taken as Russia’s unilateral concessions.”

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Win On Any Battlefield: U.S. Army Expands Global Partnerships

http://www.army.mil/article/72498/Odierno__Army_seeks_increased_partnerships_in_Asia/

U.S. Army
January 25, 2012

Odierno: Army seeks increased partnerships in Asia
By C. Todd Lopez

-Odierno expects development of a trilateral relationship between South Korea, Japan and the United States for security cooperation, something he said “is an important step as we continue to expand our relationships in Northeast Asia.”
-“We will strengthen our presence in the region,” [Odierno] said. “We have five of our seven mutual defense treaties in this region and we continue to conduct longstanding exercises with Korea, Japan, Thailand and the Philippines. The Army will actively seek new opportunities for expanding and existing training and engaging with new partners.”
In Europe, Africa and South America, Odierno expects similar partnerships. Even with a reduced footprint in Europe, for instance, the Army maintains its commitment there to NATO allies, Odierno said, and will have increased training opportunities with its European partners.

WASHINGTON: The Army is looking for increased opportunities to partner with allies in Asia, including both Korea and Japan.

Chief of Staff of the Army Gen. Raymond T. Odierno recently returned from a trip to the Pacific region, including Korea and Japan, as well as other parts of Pacific Command to include Hawaii and Alaska.

Odierno spoke Jan. 25 at a breakfast hosted by the Association of the United States Army’s Institute of Land Warfare in Arlington, Va.

In Japan, the general met with the Japanese minister of defense and the Japanese Ground Self Defense Force commander.

“Both expressed their optimism and were excited about increased opportunities to work together with the Army, which they see as critical to the future of the Asian region,” Odierno said.

While in Korea, he met with the country’s minister of defense and army chief of staff.

“Both leaders were extremely appreciative of our Army’s continued commitment and dedication to security in Northeast Asia,” Odierno said.

Odierno expects development of a trilateral relationship between South Korea, Japan and the United States for security cooperation, something he said “is an important step as we continue to expand our relationships in Northeast Asia.”

The general said the trip to Asia was productive, adding that it’s “clear that our partners and allies in Asia/Pacific desire increased engagement with our great Army – especially as we continue to maneuver our way through these complex and uncertain times we have,” Odierno explained.

…He also said the Army must not lose the ability to conduct missions across any operational environment, including regular and irregular warfare, civilian operations, counter insurgency and humanitarian assistance.

The Army can also shape the international environment “with strong military relationships with allies and by building partner capacity,” he added.

Such relationships, Odierno said, are already strong in Asia, and will continue to grow.

“We will strengthen our presence in the region,” he said. “We have five of our seven mutual defense treaties in this region and we continue to conduct longstanding exercises with Korea, Japan, Thailand and the Philippines. The Army will actively seek new opportunities for expanding and existing training and engaging with new partners.”

In Europe, Africa and South America, Odierno expects similar partnerships. Even with a reduced footprint in Europe, for instance, the Army maintains its commitment there to NATO allies, Odierno said, and will have increased training opportunities with its European partners.

The Army must also be “ready to win,” dominantly and decisively. “The cost of indecision and cost of entering the fight without a dominant capability, enabled by superior technology and unmatched leadership, is the unnecessary loss of American lives,” Odierno said. “We must and will retain an Army with the capacity and capability to win decisively on any battlefield, should the terms fail.”

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Pentagon’s Asia Shift Favors Submarines, Tankers

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-01-26/pentagon-s-focus-on-asia-favors-submarines-bombers-tankers-panetta-says.html

Bloomberg News
January 26, 2012

Pentagon’s Asia Shift Favors Subs, Tankers
By Tony Capaccio

-The plan calls for increasing the size of the Navy’s current Virginia-class attack submarines to carry more Tomahawk cruise missiles and to develop an undersea, non-nuclear “strike option” similar to an intercontinental ballistic missile.
-The Littoral Combat vessels, made for operating close to shore by Lockheed Martin of Bethesda, Maryland, and Austal of Henderson, Australia, get an expanded role in the plan. Panetta said the Navy intends to base some of them in Singapore and other patrol craft in Bahrain.

The Pentagon’s shift to forces focused on Asia and the Middle East in a budget outlined today may protect from deep cuts U.S. makers of aircraft carriers, submarines, surface-combat vessels, electronic-warfare sensors, drones, long-range bombers and tankers.

While the plan would slow the pace of shipbuilding, its emphasis on naval forces in an era of budget-cutting may help vessel-makers Huntington Ingalls Industries Inc., General Dynamics Corp. (GD), Lockheed Martin Corp. (LMT) and Austal Ltd. It also may provide opportunities for aircraft companies Northrop Grumman Corp. (NOC) and Boeing Co. (BA) and missile maker Raytheon Co. (RTN)

“This budget protects, and in some cases increases, investments that are critical to our ability to project power in Asia and the Middle East,” Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said at a news conference at the Pentagon today disclosing elements of a $613 billion defense proposal for fiscal 2013. That includes $88.4 billion for continuing combat, led by the war in Afghanistan.

‘Far More Lethal’

The biggest initiative other than military hardware is a reduction of the Army – “gradually,” according to Panetta – to 490,000 personnel from about 565,000 today. The Army numbered about 480,000 in February 2002, one year before the Iraq invasion. The budget also calls for reducing the Marines to 182,000 from about 202,000 today.

“They will be fundamentally shaped by a decade of war, far more lethal, battle-hardened and ready,” Panetta said of U.S. forces. The Army was increased by as much as 95,000 and the Marines by 30,000, largely because of the Iraq war.

The Pentagon’s Asia and Middle East emphasis reinforces the need for a long-range, stealthy bomber, and sustaining the Navy’s 11-carrier force with 10 air wings and big-deck amphibious vessels, Panetta said.

Huntington Ingalls of Newport News, Virginia, is building the three-ship, $40 billion Gerald R. Ford class of carriers to be equipped with a new electromagnetic catapult system built by closely held General Atomics Aeronautical Systems Inc.

‘‘Modernizing our submarine fleet will be critical to our efforts to maintain maritime access in these vital regions,” Panetta said.

‘Strike Option’

The plan calls for increasing the size of the Navy’s current Virginia-class attack submarines to carry more Tomahawk cruise missiles and to develop an undersea, non-nuclear “strike option” similar to an intercontinental ballistic missile. Raytheon of Waltham, Massachusetts makes the Tomahawk. Huntington Ingalls and General Dynamics make the submarine.

The “strike option” concept was first proposed by the Bush administration and resurrected in fiscal 2011 under Obama.

The Littoral Combat vessels, made for operating close to shore by Lockheed Martin of Bethesda, Maryland, and Austal of Henderson, Australia, get an expanded role in the plan. Panetta said the Navy intends to base some of them in Singapore and other patrol craft in Bahrain…

The fiscal 2013 budget proposal is 1 percent less, unadjusted for inflation, than this year’s $531 billion plan. The numbers include spending on military construction.

The defense number, not including combat, grows to $534 billion in fiscal 2014, $546 billion in fiscal 2015, $556 billion in fiscal 2016 and $567 billion in 2017.

Adjusted for inflation, the Pentagon projects a 1.6 percent reduction in real spending power between 2013 and 2017.

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NATO International School Of Azerbaijan Session Begins

http://en.apa.az/news.php?id=164573

Azeri Press Agency
January 27, 2012

Winter session of NATO International School of Azerbaijan (NISA) starts

Baku: The next winter session of NATO International School of Azerbaijan (NISA) starts.

Press service of Ministry of Foreign Affairs told APA that the opening ceremony will be held on January 30.

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Increase In Energy Reserves Enhances Azerbaijan’s Strategic Role

http://en.trend.az/capital/energy/1985196.html

Trend News Agency
January 27, 2012

Turkish minister: Increase in energy reserves enhances Azerbaijan’s role
A. Taghiyeva

Baku: The increase in energy reserves enhances Azerbaijan’s role for Turkey, Turkish Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Taner Yildiz said in an interview with T24 on Friday.

“The discovery of new gas fields in Azerbaijan is also our achievement,” Minister said.

Yildiz said that the implementation of the Trans Anadolu (TANAP) project contributes to the supply of Azerbaijani gas to Europe.

Earlier, Azerbaijan and Turkey signed a memorandum of understanding to establish a consortium. It will build a pipeline to supply gas from the Shah Deniz field to Europe through Turkish territory.

The construction of the TANAP gas pipeline is required to export most of 50 billion cubic meters of gas that Azerbaijan intends to produce by 2025.

The participants of the project plan to resolve all issues on this gas pipeline in 2012 and begin construction for the project to be implemented by late 2017, when the implementation of the second stage of Shah Deniz field development is launched. The gas pipeline will be the basis of the Southern Gas Corridor.

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Davos: Caspian-Black-Baltic Seas Pipelines Discussed

http://en.trend.az/capital/energy/1984862.html

Trend News Agency
January 27, 2012

Azerbaijan, Ukraine and Turkey to implement joint energy projects

-The two countries have an agreement on transportation of Azerbaijani oil via system of main oil pipelines of Ukraine: in the direction of the Kremenchuk oil refinery from the port of Odesa; transit in the direction of the Mozyr oil refinery (Belarus); transit in the direction of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic), as well as in the direction of Poland’s oil refinery with the use of the Belarusian and Polish sections of the oil pipeline Druzhba (for the period prior to completion of the Brody-Plock pipeline construction).

Baku: Ukraine is holding an active dialogue with Azerbaijan on implementation of joint projects in the energy sector, president of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovich told Ukrainian mass media outlets in Davos on Thursday following a meeting with Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, the presidential press service reported.

“We held another round of negotiations. Two protocols are being prepared for signing. There are technical issues that need to be considered by specialists. Undoubtedly, Ukraine will continue to work on transportation of the Caspian gas as a gas consumer and as a country that can take part in the construction of gas-transport systems involving our resources. It is very interesting for us,” President Yanukovych said.

He said now trilateral negotiations are underway between Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Turkey on cooperation in energy sector projects.

“We see the perspective,” President Yanukovych said, adding that the negotiation parties practically confirmed their interest in these projects.

Two documents will be signed between the two countries on gas supplies to a LNG terminal and establishment of a Ukrainian-Azerbaijan company to develop the project to build the facility.

It is expected that the developer of a feasibility study for a Ukrainian LNG-terminal, the Spanish company Socoin, will complete the work soon. The cost of construction of the terminal was decreased from $1.5 billion to $1 billion.

The Ukrainian national project LNG terminal includes construction of a marine terminal for liquefied natural gas. Ukraine will be able to diversify gas supplies in the volume of 10 billion cubic meters of gas per year after implementation of the project.

The two countries have an agreement on transportation of Azerbaijani oil via system of main oil pipelines of Ukraine: in the direction of the Kremenchuk oil refinery from the port of Odesa; transit in the direction of the Mozyr oil refinery (Belarus); transit in the direction of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe (Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic), as well as in the direction of Poland’s oil refinery with the use of the Belarusian and Polish sections of the oil pipeline Druzhba (for the period prior to completion of the Brody-Plock pipeline construction).

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